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【重磅】揽三奖!亚博网页版3项成果获2018国家科学技术奖

XINXILAIYUAN: FABURIQI: 2018-01-08 LIULANCISHU:

1月8日,2018年度国家科学技术奖励大会在人民大会堂隆重举行,亚博网页版共有3项成果获奖,其中,国家技术发明二等奖1项,国家科学技术进步二等奖2项。“菊花优异种质创制与新品种培育”获国家技术发明二等奖,“梨优质早、中熟新品种选育与高效育种技术创新”“创制杀菌剂氰烯菌酯选择性新靶标的发现及产业化应用”两项成果获国家科学技术进步二等奖。

QIZHONG,JUHUAKETIZUFUZEREN、ZHANGJIANGXUEZHETEPINJIAOSHOU、YABOWANGYEBANYUANYIXUEYUANCHENFADIDAILINGTUANDUILIJING20DUONIANDEJIDIAN,XIANHOUSHOUJIBAOCUNJUHUAJIQIJINYUANZHONGSHUZHIWU5109FEN,BAOCUNSHULIANGJUSHIJIESHOUWEI;CONGZHONGJIANDINGCHUJUHUAJINYUANZHONGSHUKANGYA、NAIHANDENGYOUYIKANGXINGZHONGZHI78FEN;BINGSHOUCIFAXIANLEHUANGJINAIHAO、XILIEYAJUFENBIESHIJUHUAKANGYA、NAIHANYUZHONGDEZUIYOUZHONGZHI;SHOUCHUANGJIYUKONGZHISHOUFEN、PEIZHUZHENGJIUHEZAZHONGDUOSEJIYINZUYUANWEIZAJIAOJIANDINGDEJUHUASHUJIANKANGXINGZHONGZHICHUANGZHIJISHU,CHUANGJIANSHUJIANKANGXINGZHONGZHILIYONGHEFENZIBIAOJIFUZHUXUANZEXIANGJIEHEDEJUHUAGAOXIAOYUZHONGJISHU,ZAICIJICHUSHANG,TUPOLEKANGXINGHEHUASE、HUAXING、ZHUXINGDENGXINGZHUANGDEZONGHEGAILIANG,LVXIANYUCHENGLVSE、PINGPANGXINGHEFENGCHEXINGDENGYOUZHIGAOKANGXINQITEJUHUAXINPINZHONG49GE,WEIWOGUOJUHUAPINZHONGGENGXINHECHANYESHENGJIZUOCHULEZHONGYAOGONGXIAN。ZHIDEYITIDESHI,JINNIANLAI,TUANDUIBUJINSHENGENGJUHUADEJICHUYANJIU,HAIJIJIMIANXIANGCHANYEJINGJIZHUZHANCHANG,KAIZHANJINGZHUNFUPIN,JIHUONONGJIATINGYUANJINGJI,BANGZHUNONGCUNZENGSHOUNONGMINZHIFU,QIZHONG,ZAIGUIZHOUMAJIANGDEJUHUACHANYEFUPIN,HAIRUXUANLEJIAOYUBUJINGZHUNFUPINDESHIDAANLI。TUANDUICHUANGJIANDE“JUHUAYUAN”MOSHIZAIQUANGUO20DUOGESHENGSHITUIGUANGFUZHI,ZAIWOGUODEMEILIXIANGCUNJIANSHE、XIUXIANLVYOUNONGYEFAZHANZHONGFAHUILEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。

国家梨产业体系首席科学家、亚博网页版张绍铃教授团队研发的“梨优质早、中熟新品种选育与高效育种技术创新”成果,解决了我国三大水果之一——梨的“好吃好看又好种”的一揽子技术问题: 为梨家族描绘了一个完整详细的“族谱”,创建全世界涵盖最丰富地理生态型的梨种质资源库,并基于梨全基因组图谱揭示梨的分子遗传基础,用分子标记定位重要性状,精确定位了决定每个品种何时开花、何时结果,果实风味、果实外形“变大变小变漂亮”的基因,掌握了控制这些性状的“通关密码”,创建梨高效分子辅助选择和远缘杂交育种技术体系,应用于育种实践,在梨树的育苗期内,就可以像在自助餐厅一样选择需要的性状,把梨的育种从“盲人摸象”似地长期作战,变成了高效精确的“靶向选择”,从而节省了大量的育种时间和育种用地,更有效提高了育种的效率,育成了优质早熟、中熟及特色红梨新品种4个,优化了梨品种结构。把“精确种梨”发挥到极致,创新梨提质增效栽培技术,发明倒“个”形高光效新树形、梨树液体授粉等技术,实现了良种良法配套,有力地促进了梨产业的技术进步和梨农的增产增收,加快了梨农奔小康的进程。

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亚博网页版“ZHEISHINANNONGDALISHISHANGDIYICI,SANXIANGCHENGGUOGONGTONGZHAIDEDAJIANG,BANJIANGJIEDIANQIAFENGXUEXIAOFUXIAO40ZHOUNIAN,SHUXIELEXUEXIAOLISHISHANGLICHENGBEIYIYIDEYIYE。YESHIYABOWANGYEBANJIAOSHIJIANXINGFUWUSANNONG,KEJIZHICHENGXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVESHISHIDESHENGDONGSHILI。”YABOWANGYEBANFUXIAOZHANGDINGYANFENGGAOSUJIZHE,2011NIANYILAI,YIYABOWANGYEBANDIYIWANCHENGDANWEIDEGUOJIAKEXUEJISHUJIANGLISHULIANG11XIANG,QIZHONGJISHUFAMINGJIANG4XIANG,KEJIJINBUJIANG7XIANG,ZHEIXIEHUOJIANGCHENGGUONEIRONGDEXUEKEFENBUJITIXIANLEXUEXIAODEKEYANTESEYUXUEKEYOUSHI,GENGTIXIANLEXUEXIAOKEYANGONGZUOZHEZHUDONGDUIJIEGUOJIANONGYENONGCUNXIANDAIHUAHEXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVE,ZAIFENLIJIANSHE“SHUANGYILIU”DEJINCHENGZHONG,BUXIEZHUIQIUXUESHUDINGFENG,TONGSHIJIANGLUNWENSHUXIEZAIDADISHANG。

来源: 亚博网页版官网